The days 3 and 4 of march, the National Jury of Peru Elections (JNE) issued two resolutions leaving out Cesar Acuña and Julio Guzmán of the electoral competition. The first candidate was accused of giving gifts to traders and to a disabled in Piura and Chosica, breaking the Political Parties Law. The second one broke the internal democracy rules of the party. Is important to say that the while Acuña’s resolution was taken by unanimity, the decision about Guzman was divided in a vote of 3 to 2. From Emotion Research Lab we wanted to analyze the indignation of the excluded peruvian candidates one month before the first round of presidential elections.
These decisions have been very controversial because other candidates also are being investigated for similar irregularities. In one hand, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (PPK) is accused of breakind the internal democracy rules of his party and on the other hand, Keiko Fujimori is being investigated for giving gifts. However, everything points to completely different resoluntions.
Given these circumstances, both candidates had extraordinary appeals, although according to the JNE these cases are final. So, they were dismissed by the Jury confirming the exclusion of both of the electoral contest. But Cesar Acuña still has not given up and plans to present a preliminary injunction to Intearmericana Human Rights Commission (CIDH), although this will be resolved past elections. After knowing the determination of appeals both issued some statements claiming injustice declaring that both decisions have hidden political motivations.
The indignation of the excluded peruvian candidates
Using the technique of facial emotion recognition it is seen as during the Acuña speech prevailing emotions are anger, betrayal and hate, congruently with his words of denunciation. However, it is noteworthy that at the time in which he says “have excluded” predominant emotions are guilt and hate, feelings that could put into question the reliability of his speech. Despite this, when he pronounces his own name predominates pride, this fact would demonstrate that he feels satisfied with his management. Dismay, despair and indignation felt while he says “Cesar Acuña has been excluded for helping poor people” would also be in relation to the situation in which it leaves the resolution JNE to the candidate’s just a month before the elections.
On the other hand, the main emotions of Guzman during his speech are indignation and sadness, this could be because he had achieved the second place in voting intentions on the next national elections of the 10th of april and suddenly he has been excluded. It’s important to say that main emotion while he is saying “express our disagreement with the pronouncement” and “topics of internal democracy” is guilt together with indignation. This fact would make evident the alleged mismanagement of his party. Despite this, Guzman feels betrayed by the JNE, because when he says “the National Jury of Peru Elections” he feels betrayal. This is because, as it has been said previously, the PPK’s candidate also is being investigated for similar causes and seems that the decision will be completely different.
While he is saying “minority report presented in the resolution” feels despair, guilt and pride since for the candidate seems incredible that he has been separated from the electoral competition for these reasons. Otherwise, when he says “the party Todos por el Perú” feels pride, it could be in defense of his management and what he has achieved in a short time. Finally, while he is saying “fully complied with issues of internal democracy” feels betrayal, indignation and pride, so we could say that he tries to show that the accusations to his party are false.
Less than a month before the Peruvian national electoral two major parties have been excluded from the competition, something that can drastically change the course of the political campaign and the outcome of the April 10, we will continue pending future events.